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Public Policy Case Solution & Answer

Public Policy Case Solution  

Introduction

Where is your hometown located?

The O.R. Tambo District Municipality is located along the eastern side of the Eastern Cape-province, which is regarded as the valuable tourist attractions of South Africa. Additionally, O.R. Tambo District Municipality prided in being the birthplace of two leaders of the South African based liberation movement. The main sectors of the O.R. Tambo District Municipality includes community services accounted 55 percent, finance activities accounted 16.9 percent, trade accounted 18.5 percent, agriculture accounted 3.5 percent, transport accounted 3.1 percent, manufacturing accounted 2.8 percent and construction accounted 2.7 percent of the economy.(Officials, OR Tambo District Municipality (DC15), 2015).

How many people live there?

The total population of the O.R. Tambo District Municipality in 2016 was 1457384, with the population growth of 1.47 percent per year. Additionally, the population ages under 15 is 38.9 percent of the total population whereas the population ages 15-64 and over 65 is 56.5 percent and 4.5 percent of the total population, respectively.

What does it provide in terms of resources or contribution to the state?

The O.R. Tambo District Municipality is involved in the provision of various services, such as: sewerage and sanitation, water, municipal health, firefighting, local tourism, municipal airports, municipal planning, public transport and disaster management services to the state. With the R37.9 billion GDP in the year 2016, up from R16.3 billion in 2006, a contribution of O.R. Tambo District Municipality is 11.22 percent to the GDP of Eastern Cape Province of R338 billion in 2016. The O.R. Tambo District Municipality’s total GDP was R37.9 billion and it is ranked third in relation to all the regional economies to the total GDP of Eastern Cape Province, in terms of the contribution towards the Eastern Cape Province.(report, 2018).

What data can you use to conduct-your analysis?

The content analysis could be used as a basis of analyzing the data; whereas, the data should be primarily sourced from administrative data, documented research and statistics of South Africa, global Insight etc. Additionally, the data is collected related to the usage of water, population density, and availability of water, unequal distribution of water among social groups, over-exploitation, and so forth.

Key policy concerns your town is grappling with between 2015 and 2019.

In 2016, the access to piped water in O.R. Tambo District Municipality is 38.9 percent and unavailability of access to piped water is 61.1 percent in the similar year. According to the community survey; the access to water has deteriorated in O.R. Tambo District Municipality between 2011 and 2016. The scarcity of water in O.R. Tambo District Municipality is one of the great concerns that continues to expose the life of people to health hazards. The rural villagers in O.R. Tambo District Municipality often walk long distances in order to fetch water from boreholes or rivers.

In addition to this, it is stated by Nomakhosazana Meth – O.R Tambo District Mayor that in .R. Tambo District Municipality; the access to below-minimum service levels was pegged at 52 percent and 28.2 percent of the households or residents still had no access to water. With fewer than half the population having access to external or internal piped water in district municipality, thus demonstrating that there are serious service provision and governance failures in O.R. Tambo District Municipality. The real risk to the health of the households is that the sources of water are contaminated by the urinary tract infections, animal waste as well as liver parasites.(Press, n.d.).

The unverified water sources as well as the poor water access cause a huge disease burden in semi-urban and rural communities, particularly for poor population.(Spotlight, 2020). The spending of the capital budget from July 2018 to June 2019, is under-spent with -33.4 percent in 2017, -38.3 percent in 2018 and -34.6 percent in 2019. The under-spending on the capital budget could lead towards the under delivery of the basic services,such as: water.(Officials, O.R.Tambo District municipality in Eastern Cape, 2019).

Furthermore, the emerging issues that the O.R. Tambo District Municipality has been facing between 2015 and 2019, includes: lack of rural development, agricultural development as the agricultural workers are among the least paid workers, lack of employment opportunities, poverty, inequality and so forth. Combining all these issues are major hurdles in the development of the economy, economic growth and prosperity.(Ndabeni, 2013).

Data illustrations ofpolicy issue

Despite the free water policy being-implemented with core consideration-over the  provision of6 kiloliter of free water per household per month;the extension of the free water policy to those communities who don’t benefit from the policy are hindered by various factors, which are discussed below:

  • The lack of funds to extend the infrastructure of water to deliver piped water to the unnerved communities.
  • The issue of cost recovery, which in turn posits threat to the objective of free water policy of providing free basic water to the communities.
  • The ineffective management of the water as well as an increased wastage of water are the primary causes of the reduced access to the water.

Financing infrastructure projects

Taking under consideration the significance of the management, maintenance and the assessment of the sanitation and water infrastructure, which includes water storage structure such as dams and reservoirs; the policy of free water policy would lead towards an improved access to water and addressing of the problems related to water scarcity in O.R. Tambo District Municipality.

In addition to this, the capital spending involves spending on the infrastructure projects, such as: new pipes of water, and the under-spending on the capital budget demonstrates the issue of water scarcity in the O.R. Tambo District Municipality, thus leading to the under-delivery of water to the communities. The illustration shows the persistent under-spending on the capital budget,which might be due to the under-resourced municipalities who are unable to manage the large projects on time. It is of high importance for municipalities to spend at least 95 percent of their capital budgets, and the failure to spend even 85 percent is the clear sign of warning.

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