Current discipline of project management is based on the model of the life cycle of the project approach or progressive stages of project implementation. This implies a clear definition of the mission and the system give the top (to reduce uncertainty) and implementation phases with decision gates. Contrasts with the seminal projects implemented are credited to the creation of the foundation of the discipline in the approach of the 1940s and 1950s. These projects began with missions that were beyond the currently possible, solutions should emerge over time. Succeeded by a combination of parallel tests (of which the best are selected) and trial and error iteration (which allows modification of the solutions carried out over a period of time). While the success of these approaches has been well documented and explained by scientific studies in the 1950s, today seem to go against professional standards, making it awkward when you meet managers. The discipline of project management has been relegated to a “taker place order” execution moderately engineering new projects with a clear mission. As a result, it was not able to take a central role in strategic initiatives critical change facing many organizations today. The discipline of project management should be expanded to create more value for organizations whose portfolios include new and uncertain projects.
Christoph H. Loch
Source: California Management Review
Release Date: November 1, 2010. Prod #: CMR469-PDF-ENG
Lost Roots: How Project Management focuses on the flexibility and control cases novelty of the solution