Diagnosis Of Cardiovascular Disease Case Solution & Answer

Diagnosis Of Cardiovascular Disease Case Study Solution


The heart and blood vessel disorder which mainly includes congenital cardiac abnormalities, peripheral vascular disease, cardiomyopathies, valvular heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cardiac dysrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and hypertension are termed as cardiovascular disease. (Davidson, 1994)According to the report by the WHO – World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases tend to kill about 30 million individuals of different ages i.e. from 20 years of age to about 74 years each year. The occurrence of cardiovascular disease deaths accounts for approximately 17.5 million deaths which arealmost equivalent to 42.6 percent of the deaths due to non-communicable diseases. (Gowraganahalli Jagadeesh, 2015)

The incidence of CVD is considered to one of the leading causes of hospitalization as well as death, which is expected to have an increase by 17 percent across the world which tends to be a substantial burden on public health. (Officials, 2016)Additionally, CVD is considered to be one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity throughout the world.(Ioana Barb, 2015 )Cardiovascular diseases are primarily associated with the heart and the blood vessels and the heart and brain. Generally, it represents the probability to influence the health of people in later life. The incidence rate is demonstrated to increase sharply from the age ranging between 30-44. It has been reported thatthe formation of CVD disease willbegin in people by the age of 35. (NASON, 2007) The estimation of the probability of CVD to occur is about 1 in 3 adults in America. Therefore, by the age of 40, the lifetime risk of the development ofthe cardiovascular disease is about 49 percent for men and 32 percent for women. (Victoria Vaughan Dickson, 2013)

The advance in surgical and medical management forCardiovascular disease tend to substantially bring a reduction in the rates of cardiac mortality in the United States. Individual patients with CVD tend to be at an increased risk associated with the incidence of further cardiac events which includes heart failure, myocardial infarction, and unstable angina. In the United States, the costs of cardiovascular disease is no less than $108 billion every year including the cost of lost productivity, medications and services realted to healthcare. (Victoria Vaughan Dickson, 2013)

The research of cardiovascular disease will continue to 26th Century. But in modern times, the key findings or discoveries of the 20th Century regarding cardiology is primarily based on clinical cardiology. One of the key findingsmainly includesthe electrics importance in terms of cardiology approach based on the electrical activity i.e. heartbeat per second as well as the implantation of the electrical deviceas pacemakers. Additionally, imaging of heart activity was based on the electric monitoring of the heart activity which initially included echocardiography and now includes techniques such as MRA, CT scan and MRI. (NASON, 2007)


The symptoms of cardiovascular disease mainly depend on the specified conditions. Some of the disease conditions mainly include hypertension or type 2 diabetes which might not represent any kind of symptom in the initial stage. (Payal Kohli, 2017)No symptoms underlie in the blood vessel’s disease. But, the first sign of the heart stroke or a heart attack. Though, ‘some of the most common symptoms related to a heart attackinclude:

  • Pressure or pain in chest indicating angina.
  • Discomfort or pain in the back, jaw, elbows, left shoulders and arms

Additionally, an individual patient might experience difficulty in breath shortness or breathing, vomiting or sick like feeling, feeling fainted or light-headed, cold sweat break and becoming pale. Women are expected to be more likely to suffer from breath shortness, back or jaw pain, vomiting, and nausea.

  • numbness of the leg, arm, or face particularly on one body side.
  • Confusiion, difficulty in understanding or speaking speech.
  • Difficulty to see with both or one eye.
  • Difficulty coordination, loss of balance, dizziness, and walking.
  • Severe headache.
  • Unconsciousness or fainting.

People who experience such type of symptoms are required to seek immediate medical care. (Officials, Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), 2017)In contradiction, the above-mentioned symptoms are the common ones whereas some other symptoms might appear anywhere else’ in the body depending on the type of cardiovascular disease…………………….


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