Bharti (Airtel) Case Study Solution

What would be the impact of these capital investments on the profitability and financial viability post investment?

It can be assessed, after analyzing the market conditions of Airtel that, its investments to acquire 3G license, Zain and Communal 4 G L T E could enable the company to enhance its profitability in the market. The increase in the numbers of customers should be attributed to the investment in Zain, which would allow them to gain a strong presence in the African market and result in an addition 42 million customers, while gaining $3.6 billion in annual revenues.Furthermore, the Acquisition of 3G license and strategic position in the 4 G L T E market segment would allow the company to stay relevant and competitive in the market. This would enable them to enhance their appeal among the customer, resulting in increasing their revenues, further enhancing its profitability in the market and allowing the company to make additional capital investments in the future.

What are Airtel’s growth prospects? Is organic growth the right path for a company, or should the company stick to organic growth for long-term success?

It can be evaluated that, due to the increase in the number of competitors and their competitive attitudes in the market,it would be very difficult for Airtel to gain and maintain a significant portion of the market share, without making significant efficient investments in their capital assets, which would enhance their asset turnover ratios. However, it can be determined that, the company could ensure its survival and growth in the market, if it decided to efficiently invest in capital investments, enhancing their economies of scale and profitability. Furthermore, it can be evaluated from the case that, Airtel should focus on organic growth instead of inorganic growth. The organic growth strategy would enable the company to decrease its incurred debt to acquire or merge with established organizations in the market locally or overseas. The organic growth strategy focuses on business expansion through increased output or customer base. Additionally, it also focuses on expansion through new product development, which would enable the company to expand organically in the market through higher returns generated from its new product development or enhanced outputs. Therefore, it can be determined that, organic growth would be more beneficial for the company, instead of inorganic growth achieved through the merger or acquisition of companies available in the market. This would expose the company to higher debt to equity ratios. Moreover, Airtel’s dependence on profits generated from its inorganic investments financed through borrowing would be significantly increased, incurring higher interest rates. Where, if the inorganic investments didn’t pan-out as planned by the management, the company would be exposed to payment defaults with respect of its loan payments. Credibility of the company would be decreased among lenders and its ability to ensure its going concern in the market would be compromised, attributed to its inability to pay-off the debt acquired to finance the inorganic investment.

Identify FOUR areas that need improvement for the company’s future growth?

After analyzing the case, the areas that need improvement could be identified for the future growth of the company, illustrated below:

  1. The first problem area identified relates to the company’s investment financing policy, which it had acquired through significant financing from international markets in the form of loans to support its inorganic investments, incurring higher interest rates. This could have significant adverse impacts on the organization’s future growth prospects, if its inorganic investments were faced with systematic market volatility and suffered its impact. It would compromise its ability to pay-off its loans, resulting in liquidation and dissolution of the company and its shares in the market.
  2. The Second problem area identified relates to the management’s ability to efficiently use its current capital assets towards generating required rate of returns. It can be assessed that, the assets turnover ratio of the company had decreased from 1.20 in 2010 to 1.03 in 2013,which could be attributed to management’s inability to effectively allocate its capital resources in the right place that would result in generating higher returns. Therefore, it can be evaluated that, Airtel should employ or effectively train expert staff to make key business decisions regarding capital assets available to the company, increasing their profit potential and better positing the company in the market, while enabling them to secure a sufficient share in the market…………….

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