Australia Case Solution
The effects of global warming are uncertain. In the end of the 19th century; global temperatures had increased. Each generation of the last three generations,has experienced hot temperatures as compared to all the previous generations, and the generation of 2000 has faced the extreme hot environment. In Australia, average temperature has increased by 0.9˚C since 1951, with a great geographical variation.
It is very much expected that human impact has been a crucial cause of visible heat since the mid of the 20th century. An increase in organic evolution has resulted in greenhouse gases (such as carbon dioxide), which has a crucial impact over air and sea heat (up). Apart from the act of decreasing carbon discharge; the world is at the risk of being faced with the negative effects of global weather change.
If this impurity continues to increase at these current rates; it is most likely that over the next decade,the global temperature will increase above 2˚C. There will indeed be very constant temperature and very cold conditions, with temperature increasing in most parts of the world regularly and by annual patterns.
The energy section (including:fossil power, vehicles and oil removal) continues to be Australia’s leading source of GHG releases, which counts for 73% of net emissions, including land use, deserts and forests.
Australia’s highest per capita manufacturing rate shows the nation’s strong dependence is over fossil power as its main energy source comes highly from coal (energy emissions) for power generation.
Two Policy Options to Reduce Emissions
Climate plans are continuously facing issues. Following the elimination of carbon’s-cost; the Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF) is now Australia’s main mean of decreasing the greenhouse gas discharge. However, two-thirds of the $ 2.5 b ERF finance has been spent up till now. The ERF, along with other strategies, will need extra funding to achieve the climate goals.
Under the international climate agreements; Australia has two goals to reduce greenhouse gas discharges.
- 5% below 2000 levels by 2020 (under Kyoto Protocol)
- 27-29% below 2005 charges by 2030 (under the Paris accord).
While Australia seems to be on the right path to get its 2020’s goal; achieving the 2030’starget could be a great challenge. To achieve this goal; the nation needs to know where its releases come from and it must have succession plans in place to decrease the pollution.
Effect and Outcomes of the Two Policies
The Kyoto Protocol rightfully attaches progressive countries to the principles of pollution reduction (unlike the UNFCCC, which only cheers the countries to decrease impurities). In total, the impurity reduction goals of 38 developed countries and European society has increased by an average of 6% of emissions’reduction. The second commitment period started on 1st Jan 2013 and will end in 2020.
Australia is now focused on decreasing its GHG emissions to 99.6 %in 1990 levels during the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (2013-20). This is in line with Australia’s 2020 goal of reducing emissions by 5%by 2020.
The purpose of the Paris accord is to keep global warming ‘below the industrial levels’. The Paris accord also sets a wish target of 1.4 ° C. These categories are aimed at achieving carbon objectivity (to achieve a balance between organic evolutionreleases by springs and the moving of greenhouse gases) by the year 2050……………………
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